German ZEW Investor Sentiment Rises Despite Euro Area GDP Contraction

James Hyerczyk
Published: Nov 14, 2023, 10:21 GMT+00:00

German ZEW optimism rises, countering Euro Zone GDP dip as job growth shows resilience.

Germany ZEW Economic Sentiment


  • German ZEW Index leaps to 9.8.
  • Euro area GDP contracts by 0.1%.
  • Euro employment up by 0.3%.

German Economic Sentiment on the Rise

Germany’s ZEW Economic Sentiment Index has marked a significant uptick, registering at 9.8 in November. This rise indicates an improvement in optimism regarding the economic outlook among analysts and investors.

ZEW Sentiment Index Exceeds Expectations

The index, which is a key indicator of economic health, not only ascended from the previous month’s -1.1 but also surpassed the market expectations of 5.0. This positive swing suggests a shift in sentiment towards the prospects of the German economy.

Implications for Economic Forecasting

This positive development in the ZEW Economic Sentiment Index could hint at a more bullish short-term economic forecast for Germany, potentially influencing both domestic and foreign investment decisions.

Analyzing the Sentiment Shift

The jump to 9.8 in the sentiment index reflects a notable change in perspective among economic experts, possibly tied to recent fiscal or geopolitical developments that may have buoyed economic confidence.

Sentiment and Economic Performance:  Flash GDP and Employment Change

While the sentiment index is a forward-looking indicator, its increase is a promising sign that may precede tangible improvements in economic performance, suggesting that the worst economic fears may be abating.

Euro Area’s Economic Performance

The latest flash estimates indicate a slight contraction in the euro area’s economy, with GDP decreasing by 0.1% in Q3 of 2023, presenting a dip from Q2’s modest growth. The EU, however, managed to maintain stable GDP levels over the same period.

Comparative GDP Growth

This quarter’s stagnation contrasts with the positive GDP growth seen in the previous year, marking a shift in the economic trajectory. Year-on-year, the growth rates have tapered to 0.1% for both the euro area and the EU, signaling a slowdown from the higher rates of Q2.

US GDP Outpaces Euro Area

In comparison, the United States displayed stronger economic resilience, posting a 1.2% GDP growth in Q3, which underscores a more robust recovery from the previous quarter and a notable year-on-year increase of 2.9%.

Despite tepid GDP figures, employment in the euro area showed a slight increase of 0.3%, with the EU not far behind at 0.2%. This growth in employment, consistent year-on-year, may cushion the impact of slowing economic activity.

Short-Term Outlook

The divergence between GDP contraction and employment growth suggests a complex economic environment in the euro area and EU. While the employment landscape appears resilient, the GDP figures call for cautious optimism, reflecting a bearish outlook for the region’s short-term economic health.

About the Author

James is a Florida-based technical analyst, market researcher, educator and trader with 35+ years of experience. He is an expert in the area of patterns, price and time analysis as it applies to futures, Forex, and stocks.

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