Kosovo’s PM expects final deal with Serbia early next year
By Fatos Bytyci and Ivana Sekularac
PRISTINA/BELGRADE (Reuters) – Kosovo and Serbia will reach a final deal to normalise relations before spring 2023, Kosovo’s Prime Minister Albin Kurti told parliament on Thursday, a day after the European Union brokered a deal to end a car licence plate dispute.
The nearly two-year-old dispute over replacing old plates issued by Belgrade goes to the heart of divisions between Kosovans and ethnic Serbs living in the country’s north who consider themselves part of Serbia. The West had warned it could escalate into violence.
Following Wednesday’s accord, Kurti said talks for a deal with Serbia would start within days under EU mediation and supported by Washington.
The licensing deal, Kurti said, had established both parties would “negotiate and agree on an EU proposal, supported by France and Germany, in order to reach the (final) deal as soon as possible”.
“This means before spring of 2023. It can be earlier but it cannot be later than that,” he said.
Kurti told parliament the licensing issue would become irrelevant once a final deal has been reached.
Around 50,000 ethnic Serbs who live in the northern part of Kosovo refuse to recognise Pristina’s authority.
Another 50,000 scattered across Kosovo maintain close relations with Serbia, but accept Kosovo’s institutions and daily life.
Kosovo had planned to start issuing fines from Thursday to some 10,000 Serb drivers who continue to use Serbian-issued car licence plates, but after Wednesday’s deal, it will not do so and will also abandon a plan that would have given it the option of confiscating cars if the fines had no effect.
Serbia’s President Aleksandar Vucic said there was no time for celebrations, although peace had been maintained.
“This is a small victory that will lead us into a more difficult situation,” he told a news conference in Belgrade.
“I know difficult times are ahead of us. I am happy that we managed to preserve peace for our people.”
Kosovo’s 2008 declaration of independence is recognised by around 110 countries but not by Serbia, Russia, China and five EU member states.
Both Serbia and Kosovo aim to join the EU but Brussels had told them they must first solve their disagreements.
NATO has some 3,700 peacekeepers on the ground to maintain the fragile peace.
(Editing by Barbara Lewis)