Euro Area Government Debt to GDP
Dec 31, 2021
% of GDP
Time to Release
|79.33 % of GDP||1995-2021||Eurostat|
Generally, Government debt as a percent of GDP is used by investors to measure a country ability to make future payments on its debt, thus affecting the country borrowing costs and government bond yields.
The government debt to GDP ratio in the Euro Area fell to 91.5 percent at the end of 2022 from a downwardly revised 95.4 percent in 2021. Considering the European Union as a whole, the government debt to GDP decreased to 84% from 88%. The highest ratios of government debt to GDP were recorded in Greece (171.3%), Italy (144.4%), Portugal (113.9%), Spain (113.2%), France (111.6%) and Belgium (105.1%), and the lowest in Estonia (18.4%), Bulgaria (22.9%) and Luxembourg (24.6%). Four Member States registered an increase in their debt to GDP ratio and twenty-three Member States a decrease. The increases in the ratio were recorded in Czechia (+2.1 pp), Estonia (+0.8 pp), Finland (+0.4 pp) and Luxembourg (+0.1 pp), while the largest decreases were observed in Greece (-23.3 pp), Cyprus (-14.7 pp), Portugal (-11.5 pp), Ireland (-10.7 pp), Croatia (-10.0 pp), Denmark (-6.6 pp), Italy (-5.5 pp), Lithuania (-5.3 pp), and Spain (-5.0 pp).
Euro Area Government Debt to GDP History
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