US Dollar (DXY) Index News: Supported by Dovish Central Bank Policies

James Hyerczyk
Updated: Jun 21, 2024, 16:45 GMT+00:00

Key Points:

  • The U.S. Dollar reaches its highest level since May 2, driven by the Fed's cautious approach.
  • Fed's steady policy contrasts with dovish global central banks, boosting dollar strength
  • Cooling inflation and easing labor market allow the Fed to keep higher interest rates, aiding dollar.
US Dollar (DXY) Index News:

US Dollar Index Reaches Highest Level in Nearly Two Months

The U.S. Dollar is trading higher against a basket of major currencies on Friday, reaching its highest level since May 2. The dollar touched an eight-week high above 159 yen and a nearly five-week high against sterling, reflecting the Federal Reserve’s cautious approach to interest rate cuts compared to more dovish stances elsewhere.

At 14:55 GMT, the U.S. Dollar Index is trading 105.857, up 0.202 or +0.19%.

Dollar Index and Central Bank Moves

The dollar index, which measures the currency against six others, spiked 0.41% overnight, erasing declines for the week. This surge followed a second successive rate cut by the Swiss National Bank and indications from the Bank of England of a potential rate reduction in August. In contrast, the Federal Reserve maintained its policy stance at its June meeting, signaling only one possible rate cut this year.

Yen Under Pressure

The yen remained under pressure after the Bank of Japan’s decision last week to delay reducing bond-buying stimulus until its July meeting. Traders reacted by pushing the yen past the significant 159 per dollar level. The BOJ and Japan’s finance ministry previously spent 9.8 trillion yen ($61.64 billion) to support the currency from its 34-year low of 160.245 per dollar, reached on April 29. The U.S. Treasury has since added Japan to a list of countries it is monitoring for potential currency manipulation.

Sterling and Euro Movements

Sterling dipped to $1.2637, its lowest since mid-May, following the Bank of England’s decision to keep rates on hold. Some policymakers noted the decision was “finely balanced.” UK data showed retail sales rose more than expected in May due to milder weather, but business growth slowed to a seven-month low in June amid election concerns.

The euro eased 0.1% to $1.0686 after preliminary surveys indicated a contraction in France’s service sector and a slowdown in German economic activity.

Fed’s Position and Market Impact

Fed officials have left policy unchanged, reducing their projections for three quarter-point cuts this year to one, despite cooling inflation and an easing labor market. The resilience of the U.S. economy has allowed the Fed to maintain higher interest rates, contrasting with the more accommodative policies of other major central banks. This divergence is likely to continue supporting the dollar in the short to medium term.

Market Forecast

Given the Federal Reserve’s steady policy stance and the dovish positions of other central banks, the U.S. Dollar is expected to remain strong. The dollar’s strength is likely to persist, especially against the yen and euro, as traders react to the contrasting monetary policies. Thus, a bullish outlook for the U.S. Dollar Index is anticipated in the near term.

Technical Analysis

Daily US Dollar Index (DXY)

DXY is sharply higher on Friday as it continues to build a bullish position above the 50-day moving average support at $105.205. The daily chart shows that it has a clear shot at the April 16 top at 106.517.

About the Author

James is a Florida-based technical analyst, market researcher, educator and trader with 35+ years of experience. He is an expert in the area of patterns, price and time analysis as it applies to futures, Forex, and stocks.

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