Illicit activity on the NFT marketplace has been on the rise at the turn of the year. A surge in trading volumes to record highs has attracted bad actors into the space.
Illicit Activity Puts NFTs on Watch
Early last week, we reported on NFT marketplace HitPiece selling music NFTs without the knowledge of the artists. To make matters worse, HitPiece also reportedly created NFTs of music without the consent of artists. HitPiece founders had created the marketplace to support music artists and provide a platform through which artists could receive royalties.
HitPiece is not the only market place, however, that has drawn criticism. Overnight on Thursday, Nikereportedly filed a claim against online reseller StockX for trademark infringement. StockX has been selling Nike sneaker NFTs since January. At the time of writing, a sneaker collection titled “The Vault” had 8 Nike Vault NFTs on sale and 1 Adidas NFT. Nike filed the lawsuit as it prepares to launch its own NFT sneaker collection after having bought virtual sneaker maker RTFKT late last year.
In January, the Indian government set up a FINTEC division to monitor cryptos, crypto launches, and NFTs. The move followed calls by the Bank of England for a global crypto regulatory framework, which was echoed by the IMF.
With the China’s central bank, the People’s Bank of China, having also raised concerns over NTFs, UK government MPs recently called out for greater regulatory scrutiny.
The U.S government was not far behind, with the White House announcing the imminent release of an Executive Action. According to the announcement, agencies will need to take a closer look at cryptos, crypto mining, and NFTs. In the interest of national security, the order will reportedly call on agencies to work closely with regulators around the world. Such a move could form a blueprint of a global crypto regulatory framework.
U.S Treasury Talks NFTs
While the crypto market awaits the White House Executive Action, the U.S Treasury issued a press release on NFTs and art theft going into the weekend.
Salient points from the press release included:
“We look at what else might be needed to address money laundering risks specific to other industries”. Other industries included the art industry.
Platforms with high annual sales turnover and frequent trading in high-value art present a higher risk of money laundering.
“NFTs may present new risks, depending on the structure and market incentives”.
The Treasury recommended the following regulatory and non-regulatory options:
Encourage private sector information-sharing programs to create a more transparent arts market.
Train law and customs enforcement and asset recovery agencies with updated guidance.
FinCEN recordkeeping authorities to support information assimilation and improved due diligence.
Apply AML/CFT requirements to art market participants and / or obligate them to create and maintain AML/CFT.
Considering the U.S Treasuries recommendations, a regulatory framework and the implementation of AML/CFT requirements by NFT marketplaces could not only reduce the risk of money laundering but also illicit activity that continues to plague the NFT marketplace.
With over 20 years of experience in the finance industry, Bob has been managing regional teams across Europe and Asia and focusing on analytics across both corporate and financial institutions. Currently he is covering developments relating to the financial markets, including currencies, commodities, alternative asset classes, and global equities.